The first edition of the hook has run out, which necessitates the inclusion of new essays. I have penned down my thoughts can some of the topics which were set in the essay paper in the years 2014 and 2015 in the CSS examinations. The federal public service commission, cane feels, demands development of candidates minds in term of perception and knowledge can topics of reflective nature. ‘That evidently reduces the scope of memorization and increases reliance cansmental powers of candidates. They should broaden their mental outlook through extensive reacting and personal stateof observation. The essays presented in the new edition, Conform to the requirements discussed above. Suggestions for the improvement of the hook are welcome.