The End of History By Harlan K Ullman

Francis Fukuyama famously and wrongly argued that the end of the Cold War, Communism and the Soviet Union assured the perpetual ascendency of some form of liberal democracy as the governing foundation for mankind. How quickly ex-cathedra pronouncements fall to the vagaries and realities of geography, local politics and economics. For the moment, Western liberal democracies are not in the ascent, as authoritarian regimes are reversing Fukuyama’s thesis.
But a larger reality looms, a reality that is causing angst, fear and outrage in many Western democracies. That reality is what is causing discontent in these societies. It is the failure of governments to govern adequately to solve even the most basic needs, let alone the aspirations of the governed. This failure to govern extends much further from Afghanistan to Zimbabwe, with Brussels and Washington in between.
As this column has argued, several parallel factors have contributed to failing governance in America. The first has been declining public credibility, trust and confidence in the Federal government. This began with the Vietnam War. Watergate and the resignation of Richard Nixon combined with the excesses of the CIA and FBI accelerated the rot. Jimmy Carter’s self-righteousness was not helpful.
With Ronald Reagan began the further polarisation of politics that George H.W. Bush’s one term could not reverse. While Bill Clinton was popular, his impeachment hardened even further the already massive gaps between both parties. George W. Bush bungled into Iraq by way of Afghanistan in wars that are still ongoing and have contaminated much of the region.
With Barack Obama, tribalism tragically became a defining force in politics not helped by dangerous and fanciful “birther” arguments. Now Donald Trump has brought the office of the Presidency to a new low in terms of conduct, let alone possibly irreversible blunders he has made. And both parties have moved further away from each other to more extreme positions of left and right. Indeed, at this point in time, unless one is a die-hard Trumpista, the pickings for 2020, in both parties for 1600 Pennsylvania are quite slim.
This failure to govern is inflicting many other democracies. Britain is torn over Brexit. Angela Merkel leads a weak coalition. A democratic Turkey seems like a distant memory with the powers seized by its president, Reccep Tayyip Erdogan. Italy remains ungovernable with an extraordinary coalition of extreme rights and lefts.
That only 60 percent of Americans disapprove of Donald Trump’s presidency is as surprising as the fact that 40 percent of Americans approve
Russia, China and other increasingly autocratic leaders in Austria and Hungary for example appear to be in the ascent. It is not that these states are governing well or not failing. It is that each is governing well enough to curb discontent through a combination of some economic incentives and very muscular security services that make dissent and discontent come at a considerable price.
What does this mean for America? That only 60 percent of Americans disapprove of Donald Trump’s presidency is as surprising as the fact that 40 percent of Americans approve. And of that figure, his base of perhaps 30 percent is unwavering in its support, no matter what the president does.
Yet at this point, the Democrats offer no real leadership. Nancy Pelosi and Chuck Schumer are by no means Congressional giants. Elizabeth Warren and Bernie Sanders seem too ideological to make acceptable leaders. Newcomers such Alexandra Ocasio-Cortez lack seasoning and possibly common sense. Experienced hands such as Joe Biden and John Kerry probably have had their chance. Hillary Clinton remains unelectable.
Many or most Americans are rightly worried or afraid of the future. The costs of healthcare, education, retirement and improving quality of life are outstripping wages. This fear has led to anger. And to many, anger has provoked outrage. As a result, Donald Trump became the beneficiary of this imperfect political storm.
What will happen? Perhaps the surge in younger generations that are more pragmatic and less dogmatic will bring fresh blood into politics, and to Congress and State Houses. Perhaps the towering debt of $20 trillion and annual deficits of more than $1 trillion will explode in a crisis. Perhaps some foreign policy disaster will force competence back into government.
In the meantime, perhaps one of the few good things about American politics today is its entertainment value. But as Romans learned millennia ago, bread and circuses are no substitute for good government.
The writer is Chairman of two private companies; senior adviser at the Atlantic Council; and Distinguished Senior Fellow and Visiting Professor at the US Naval War College in Newport Rhode Island. He can be reached @harlankullman on Twitter
Published in Daily Times, September 6th 2018.

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